Pneumonia is a lung infection that can range from mild to severe enough to require hospitalization. This happens when an infection causes the air sacs in your lungs to fill with fluid or pus (your doctor will call them alveoli).
This can make it harder for you to breathe in enough oxygen to reach your bloodstream. This lung infection can happen to anyone. But children under the age of 2 and people over the age of 65 are at higher risk. This is because their immune systems does not strong enough to fight it.
You may have pneumonia in one or both lungs. Doctors call it walking pneumonia. Causes include bacteria, viruses and fungi. If your disease is caused by bacteria or a virus, you can spread it to someone else. If you think you are suffer from this disease and don’t go outside then you buy medication from any online pharmacy in Pakistan.
Lifestyle habits, such as smoking and drinking too much alcohol, can increase your chances of getting pneumonia.
Symptoms of Pneumonia
Your symptoms may vary depending on your pneumonia, your age, and your overall health. They usually develop over several days.
- Common symptoms of this disease include:
- Chest pain when breathing or coughing
- Cough that produces phlegm or phlegm
- Fatigue and loss of appetite
- Fever, sweating and chills.
- Nausea, vomiting and diarrhea
- shortness of breath
Along with these symptoms, older adults and people with weakened immune systems may experience confusion or changes in mental awareness, or their body temperature may be lower than normal.
Newborns and infants may have no symptoms of infection. Or they may vomit, have a fever and cough, and may seem restless or tired. If you have a new cough, fever, or shortness of breath, ask your doctor if it could be COVID-19. Illness with the new coronavirus can also cause to pneumonia.
Causes of Pneumonia
Bacteria, viruses or fungi can cause pneumonia.
Common causes include:
- Flu virus
- Cold virus
- RSV virus (the leading cause of pneumonia in children 1 year of age and younger)
Some people who are in the hospital get “ventilator-associated pneumonia” if they get an infection while using a ventilator, a machine that helps you breathe.
If you get pneumonia while you’re in the hospital and not on a ventilator, it’s called “hospital-acquire” pneumonia. But most people get “community-acquire pneumonia,” which means that they did not get it in a hospital.
Diagnosis of pneumonia
Your doctor will start with questions about your symptoms and your medical history, such as whether you smoke and whether you’ve been around sick people at home, school, or work. Then, they will listen to your lungs. If you have pneumonia, they may hear crackling, bubbling, or gurgling sounds when you breathe.
If your doctor thinks you may have pneumonia, they will probably give you tests, including:
- Blood tests to look for the signs of a bacterial infection
- A chest X-ray to look for infection in your lungs and how far it has spread.
- A sputum test to check for fluid in your lungs due to infection
If your symptoms started in the hospital or you have other health problems, your doctor may give you more tests, such as:
- An arterial blood gas test to measure the oxygen in a small amount of blood which is taken from one of your arteries
- Bronchoscopy to check for blockages or other problems in your airways
- A CT scan to get a more detailed picture of your lungs
A pleural fluid culture, in which the doctor removes a small amount of fluid from the tissues around your lungs to look for bacteria that can cause pneumonia. Any online pharmacy in Pakistan offers the best prices on medical products with an excellent service.
This disease can have complications, including:
Bacteria, in which bacteria spread in your blood.
Difficulty breathing, which may mean you need to use a breathing machine while your lungs recover. A build-up of fluid between the layers of tissue that line your lungs and chest cavity. This fluid can also be affecting. A lung abscess, when a pocket of pus forms in or around your lung.
Your doctor can tell you which treatment is better for you.
If you have bacterial pneumonia, you will receive antibiotics. Make sure you take all the medication your doctor gives you, even if you start to feel better before you’re done with it.
If you have viral disease, antibiotics won’t help. You will need to rest, drink plenty of fluids, and take medication for your fever.
If your symptoms are severe or if you have other conditions that make you more likely to have complications, your doctor may refer you to the hospital. While you’re there, your doctor will likely give you fluids or antibiotics through an IV tube.
As with any type of pneumonia, recovery will take time. You will need a lot of rest. You may need a week off from your normal routine, and still feel tired for a month. You can order personal and related to your health products through any online pharmacy in Pakistan to get your products at your doorstep on the same day.